Berry

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Berry

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

My name is Solmaz Hafezi and welcome to my little bit of garden.

The botanical definition of a berry is a fleshy fruit produced from a single ovary. Grapes are an example. The berry is the most common type of fleshy fruit in which the entire ovary wall ripens into an edible pericarp. They may have one or more carpels with a thin covering and fleshy interiors. The seeds are usually embedded in the flesh of the ovary. A plant that bears berries is said to be bacciferous. Many species of plants produce fruit that are similar to berries, but not actually berries, and these are said to be baccate.

In everyday English, “berry” is a term for any small edible fruit. These “berries” are usually juicy, round or semi-oblong, brightly coloured, sweet or sour, and do not have a stone or pit, although many seeds may be present.

Made it myself

Made it myself (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Many berries, such as the tomato, are edible, but others in the same family, such as the fruits of the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) and the fruits of the potato (Solanum tuberosum) are poisonous to humans. Some berries, such as Capsicum, have space rather than pulp around their seeds.

In botanical language, a berry is a simple fruit having seeds and pulp produced from a single ovary; the ovary can be inferior or superior.

The fruit of citrus, such as the orange, kumquat and lemon, is a berry with a thick rind and a very juicy interior that is given the special name hesperidium.

Berries which develop from an inferior ovary are sometimes termed epigynous berries or false berries, as opposed to true berries which develop from a superior ovary. In epigynous berries, the berry includes tissue derived from parts of the flower besides the ovary. The floral tube, formed from the basal part of the sepals, petals and stamens can become fleshy at maturity and is united with the ovary to form the fruit. Common fruits that are sometimes classified as epigynous berries include bananas, coffee, members of the genus Vaccinium (e.g., cranberries and blueberries), and members of the family Cucurbitaceae (e.g., cucumbers, melons and squash).

Another specialized term is also used for Cucurbitaceae fruits, which are modified to have a hard outer rind, and are given the special name pepo. While pepos are most common in the Cucurbitaceae, the fruits of Passiflora and Carica are sometimes also considered

The Tree of Scarlet Berries by Amy Lowell

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
Alaska wild berries from the Innoko National W...

Alaska wild berries from the Innoko National Wildlife Refuge (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

by Solmaz Hafezi

The rain gullies the garden paths And tinkles on the broad sides of grass blades. A tree, at the end of my arm, is hazy with mist. Even so, I can see that it has red berries, A scarlet fruit, Filmed over with moisture. It seems as though the rain, Dripping from it, Should be tinged with colour. I desire the berries, But, in the mist, I only scratch my hand on the thorns. Probably, too, they are bitter.

Orange Berries Dark Green Leaves By John Taggart b. 1942 John Taggart

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
ex of high contrast in these inedible berries

ex of high contrast in these inedible berries (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Darkened not completely dark let us walk in the darkened field

trees in the field outlined against that which is less dark
under the trees are bushes with orange berries dark green leaves
not poetry’s mixing of yellow light blue sky darker than that
darkness of the leaves a modulation of the accumulated darkness
orange of the berries another modulation spreading out toward us
it is like the reverberation of a bell rung three times
like the call of a voice the call of a voice that is not there.
We will not look up how they got their name in a book of names
we will not trace the name’s root conjecture its first murmuring
the root of the berries their leaves is succoured by darkness
darkness like a large block of stone hauled on a wooden sled
like stone formed and reformed by a dark sea rolling in turmoil.

John Taggart, “Orange Berries Dark Green Leaves” from Is Music: Selected Poems. Copyright © 2010 by John Taggart. Reprinted by permission of Copper Canyon Press.

Source: Is Music: Selected Poems (Copper Canyon Press, 2010)

Berry College

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

Overview of Berry

For more than a century, Berry College has emphasized the importance of a comprehensive and balanced education that unites a challenging academic program with opportunities for meaningful work experience, spiritual and moral growth, and significant service to others. This commitment to providing a firsthand educational experience – expressed as “Head, Heart and Hands” by college founder Martha Berry– remains just as relevant today as it was when the institution was founded in 1902.

Berry College logo

Berry College logo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Nationally recognized for both quality and value, Berry is an independent, coeducational college of approximately 1,850 students that offers exceptional undergraduate degree programs in the sciences, humanities, arts and social sciences, as well as undergraduate and master’s level opportunities in business and teacher education. Students are encouraged to enrich their academic studies through participation in one of the nation’s premier on-campus work experience program, and more than 90 percent take advantage of this unique opportunity to gain valuable real-world experience prior to graduation.

Institutional Mission

Berry College is a comprehensive liberal-arts college with Christian values. The college furthers our students’ intellectual, moral, and spiritual growth; proffers lessons that are gained from worthwhile work done well; and challenges them to devote their learning to community and civic betterment. Berry emphasizes an educational program committed to high academic standards, values based on Christian principles, practical work experience and community service in a distinctive environment of natural beauty. It is Berry’s goal to make an excellent private liberal-arts education accessible to talented students from a wide range of social and economic backgrounds.

Location

Berry College is located next to Rome on U.S. 27 in northwest Georgia, 72 miles northwest of Atlanta and 75 miles south of Chattanooga.

Click Here to View Area Map

Environment

Berry offers an unusually beautiful environment for learning on its 26,000-acre campus, one of the world’s largest. Fields, forests, lakes and mountains provide scenic beauty in a protected natural setting.

History

Berry was founded in 1902 by Martha Berry (1865-1942) as a school for enterprising rural boys when few public schools existed in Georgia. A girls’ school was added in 1909. Berry became one of the nation’s most successful educational experiments, combining academic study, student work and interdenominational Christian religious emphasis. Berry has an excellent record of sound growth. A junior college was established in 1926 and a four-year college in 1930; graduate programs were added in 1972.

Eating Berries May Lower Risk of Parkinson’s

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
Parkinson's disease patient showing a flexed w...

Parkinson's disease patient showing a flexed walking posture pictured in 1892. Photo appeared in Nouvelle Iconographie de la Salpètrière, vol. 5. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Wiki

ScienceDaily (Feb. 13, 2011) — New research shows men and women who regularly eat berries may have a lower risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, while men may also further lower their risk by regularly eating apples, oranges and other sources rich in dietary components called flavonoids.

The study was released February 13 and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 63rd Annual Meeting in Honolulu April 9 to April 16, 2011.

Flavonoids are found in plants and fruits and are also known collectively as vitamin P and citrin. They can also be found in berry fruits, chocolate, and citrus fruits such as grapefruit.

The study involved 49,281 men and 80,336 women. Researchers gave participants questionnaires and used a database to calculate intake amount of flavonoids. They then analyzed the association between flavonoid intakes and risk of developing Parkinson’s disease. They also analyzed consumption of five major sources of foods rich in flavonoids: tea, berries, apples, red wine and oranges or orange juice. The participants were followed for 20 to 22 years.

During that time, 805 people developed Parkinson’s disease. In men, the top 20 percent who consumed the most flavonoids were about 40 percent less likely to develop Parkinson’s disease than the bottom 20 percent of male participants who consumed the least amount of flavonoids. In women, there was no relationship between overall flavonoid consumption and developing Parkinson’s disease. However, when sub-classes of flavonoids were examined, regular consumption of anthocyanins, which are mainly obtained from berries, were found to be associated with a lower risk of Parkinson’s disease in both men and women.

“This is the first study in humans to examine the association between flavonoids and risk of developing Parkinson’s disease,” said study author Xiang Gao, MD, PhD, with the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston. “Our findings suggest that flavonoids, specifically a group called anthocyanins, may have neuroprotective effects. If confirmed, flavonoids may be a natural and healthy way to reduce your risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.”

The study was supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Chuck Berry

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
Français : Le chanteur américain Chuck Berry e...

Français : Le chanteur américain Chuck Berry en concert à Deauville (Normandie, France) en 1987. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Charles Edward Anderson “Chuck” Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as “Maybellene” (1955), “Roll Over Beethoven” (1956), “Rock and Roll Music” (1957) and “Johnny B. Goode” (1958), Chuck Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive, with lyrics focusing on teen life and consumerism and utilizing guitar solos and showmanship that would be a major influence on subsequent rock music.

Born into a middle class family in St. Louis, Missouri, Berry had an interest in music from an early age and gave his first public performance at Sumner High School. While still a high school student he served a prison sentence for armed robbery between 1944 and 1947. On his release, Berry settled into married life and worked at an automobile assembly plant. By early 1953, influenced by the guitar riffs and showmanship techniques of blues player T-Bone Walker, he was performing in the evenings with the Johnnie Johnson Trio. His break came when he traveled to Chicago in May 1955, and met Muddy Waters, who suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. With Chess he recorded “Maybellene”—Berry’s adaptation of the country song “Ida Red”—which sold over a million copies, reaching #1 on Billboard’s Rhythm and Blues chart. By the end of the 1950s, Berry was an established star with several hit records and film appearances to his name as well as a lucrative touring career. He had also established his own St. Louis-based nightclub, called Berry’s Club Bandstand. But in January 1962, Berry was sentenced to three years in prison for offenses under the Mann Act—he had transported a 14-year-old girl across state lines.

After his release in 1963, Berry had several more hits, including “No Particular Place to Go”, “You Never Can Tell”, and “Nadine”, but these did not achieve the same success, or lasting impact, of his 1950s songs, and by the 1970s he was more in demand as a nostalgic live performer, playing his past hits with local backup bands of variable quality. His insistence on being paid cash led to a jail sentence in 1979—four months and community service for tax evasion.

Goji Berries

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
Nederlands: gedroogde Goji bessen

Nederlands: gedroogde Goji bessen (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Nederlands: gedroogde Goji bessen (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It is believed that goji berries were discovered by a doctor during a study of a group of people living deep in the Himalayan mountains.  This society was known for its good health.  In fact, many of the residents lived well into their hundreds with few health problems.  Many didn’t even suffer from grey hair.  He wondered what these people were doing to protect their health so effectively.  Upon further study, this doctor discovered that goji berries grew naturally near the wells from which these residents drank.  Goji berries would fall into the water and infuse it with their health promoting nutrients.  Those living in this village also regularly ate these berries.  It is believed that regular consumption of these berries led to the health and vitality experienced by those in this village. Here are some interesting facts about goji berries:

ORAC testing has revealed that goji berries have antioxidant levels more than ten times higher than blueberries and about three times higher than pomegranates.

Goji berries are an excellent source of many vitamins and minerals including vitamin A, vitamin C and iron.  Per ounce, goji berries contain more vitamin C than oranges.

Goji berries may hold benefits for many ailments and conditions.  They are great for the eyes since they contain high levels of beta carotene. They are an excellent choice for immune system support since they contain more vitamin C per ounce than an orange.  Traditionally goji berries have been used to treat liver problems, depression, allergies, insomnia and diabetes.  They may also lower blood pressure and cholesterol. Many people that regularly consume these berries report feeling happier.  In fact, some call the gojiberry the ‘happy berry’.  They also frequently notice an increase in energy and immune function.

Goji berries are easy to eat and delicious as well.  They also are a great source of protein.  Since they contain more than 20 vitamins and minerals, goji berries contain many of the nutrients needed for optimal health and vitality.

They can be enjoyed by the handful when dried, fresh or frozen.  Goji berry juices may also be available.  You can also soak dried berries overnight and then puree in the blender for a make at home goji berry drink.  Goji berries can also be added to smoothies, yogurts, cereals or salads.  Goji berries have a strong and unique flavor.  Many people find that these berries pair excellently with nuts.  Try them with cashews or almonds for a delicious treat.

Of the many superfruits available, goji berries are one of the most revered.  This small red berry has been used in medicine for thousands of years.  It is popular around the world as a tasty way to get more nutrients and antioxidants.