Ribes

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

150 species of flowering plants native throughout the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. It is usually treated as the only genus in the family Grossulariaceae. Seven subgenera are recognized.

Sometimes Ribes is instead included in the family Saxifragaceae. A few taxonomists place the gooseberry species in a separate genus of Grossularia.

FoodRibes includes the currants, including the edible currants (blackcurrant, redcurrant and whitecurrant), gooseberries, and many ornamental plants. The Ribes currant should not be confused with the Zante currant grape. The Jostaberry is a gooseberry/blackcurrant hybrid.

Currants are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera-Butterfly species.

Fruit of

Fruit of "Ribes nidrigolaria" (de: Jostabeere; en: Jostaberry; nl: Jostabes) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Photo by Solmaz Hafezi

MedicinalBlackfoot Indians used blackcurrant root (Ribes hudsonianum) for the treatment of kidney diseases and menstrual and menopausal problems. Cree Indians used the fruit of Ribes glandulosum as a fertility enhancer to assist women in becoming pregnant.

Currant root and seeds are high in gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA). GLA has been clinically verified as an effective treatment for pre-menstrual syndrome.

CultivationMany are grown as ornamental plants by the horticulture trade and used in conventional landscapes and native plant habitat gardens.

There are restrictions on growing some Ribes species in some U.S. states, as they are a host for White Pine Blister Rust.

Sambucus

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
SambucusPhoto by Solmaz Hafezi

Sambucus (elder or elderberry) is a genus of between 5 and 30 species of shrubs or small trees in the moschatel family, Adoxaceae. It was formerly placed in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, but was reclassified due to genetic evidence. Two of its species are herbaceous.

The genus is native in temperate-to-subtropical regions of both the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. It is more widespread in the Northern Hemisphere; its Southern Hemisphere occurrence is restricted to parts of Australasia and South America.

The leaves are pinnate with 5–9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Each leaf is 5–30 cm (2.0–12 in) long, and the leaflets have serrated margins. They bear large clusters of small white or cream-colored flowers in late spring; these are followed by clusters of small black, blue-black, or red berries (rarely yellow or white).

The black-berried elder complex is variously treated as a single species Sambucus nigra found in the warmer parts of Europe and North America with several regional varieties or subspecies, or else as a group of several similar species. The flowers are in flat corymbs, and the berries are black to glaucous blue; they are larger shrubs, reaching 3–8 m (9.8–26 ft) tall, occasionally small trees up to 15 m (49 ft) tall and with a stem diameter of up to 30–60 cm (12–24 in).

Ripe elderberriesThe flowers of Sambucus nigra are used to produce elderflower cordial. The French, Austrians and Central Europeans produce elderflower syrup, commonly made from an extract of elderflower blossoms, which is added to pancake (Palatschinken) mixes instead of blueberries. People throughout much of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe use a similar method to make a syrup which is diluted with water and used as a drink. Based on this syrup, Fanta markets a soft drink variety called “Shokata” which is sold in 15 countries worldwide. In the United States, this French elderflower syrup is used to make elderflower marshmallows. St-Germain, a French liqueur, is made from elderflowers. Hallands Fläder, a Swedish akvavit, is flavoured with elderflowers.

Sambucus nigra, Adoxaceae, Elder, Elderberry, ...

Sambucus nigra, Adoxaceae, Elder, Elderberry, Black Elder, European Elder, European Elderberry, European Black Elderberry, Common Elder, Elder Bush, inflorescence. Karlsruhe, Germany. Deutsch: Sambucus nigra, Adoxaceae, Schwarzer Holunder, Holderbusch, Holler, Infloreszenz. Karlsruhe, Deutschland. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Photo by Solmaz Hafezi

The Italian liqueur Sambuca is flavoured with oil obtained from the elderflower.

Wines, cordials and marmalade have been produced from the berries or flowers. Fruit pies and relishes are produced with berries. In Italy (especially in Piedmont) and Germany, the umbels of the elderberry are batter coated, fried and then served as a dessert or a sweet lunch with a sugar and cinnamon topping.

Hollowed elderberry twigs have traditionally been used as spiles to tap maple trees for syrup.

Ornamental varieties of Sambucus are grown in gardens for their showy flowers, fruits and lacy foliage.

Native species of elderberry are often planted by people wishing to support native butterfly and bird species.

Black elderberry has been used medicinally for hundreds of years. Flavanoids from Sambucus nigra appear to inhibit the infectiousness of H1N1 flu virions in vitro. A 1995 study found: “A complete cure was achieved within 2 to 3 days in nearly 90% of the SAM-treated group and within at least 6 days in the placebo group (p < 0.001). No satisfactory medication to cure influenza type A and B is available. Considering the efficacy of the extract in vitro on all strains of influenza virus tested, the clinical results, its low cost, and absence of side-effects, this preparation could offer a possibility for safe treatment for influenza A and B.” A small study published in 2004 showed that 93% of flu patients given elderberry extract were completely symptom-free within two days; those taking a placebo recovered in about six days. A 2009 study found that the H1N1 inhibition activities of the elderberry flavonoids compare favorably to the known anti-influenza activities of Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and Amantadine. A 2004 study found that symptoms of influenza A and B virus infections were relieved on average 4 days earlier and use of rescue medication was significantly less in those receiving elderberry extract compared with placebo. The study stated, “Elderberry extract seems to offer an efficient, safe and cost-effective treatment for influenza. These findings need to be confirmed in a larger study”. Elderberries were well known to Native American medicine people, who described the fruit as “strengthening the inner warrior”.

A 2001 study entitled “The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines” concluded: “We conclude from this study that, in addition to its antiviral properties, Sambucol Elderberry Extract and its formulations activate the healthy immune system by increasing inflammatory cytokine production. Sambucol might therefore be beneficial to the immune system activation and in the inflammatory process in healthy individuals or in patients with various diseases. Sambucol could also have an immunoprotective or immunostimulatory effect when administered to cancer or AIDS patients, in conjunction with chemotherapeutic or other treatments. In view of the increasing popularity of botanical supplements, such studies and investigations in vitro, in vivo and in clinical trials need to be developed.”

A Modern Herbal by Mrs. M. Grieve suggests several elderberry syrup recipes:

To make Elderberry Rob [syrup], 5 lb. of fresh ripe, crushed berries are simmered with 1 lb. of loaf sugar and the juice evaporated to the thickness of honey. It is cordial, aperient and diuretic. One or two tablespoonsful mixed with a tumblerful of hot water, taken at night, promotes perspiration and is demulcent to the chest. The Rob when made can be bottled and stored for the winter. Herbalists sell it ready for use.

‘Syrup of Elderberries’ is made as follows: Pick the berries when throughly ripe from the stalks and stew with a little water in a jar in the oven or pan. After straining, allow 1/2 oz. of whole ginger and 18 cloves to each gallon. Boil the ingredients an hour, strain again and bottle. The syrup is an excellent cure for a cold. To about a wineglassful of Elderberry syrup, add hot water, and if liked, sugar.

MusicBranches from the Elder are also used to make the Fujara, Koncovka and other uniquely Slovakian flutes.

The leaves, twigs, branches, seeds and roots contain a cyanide-inducing glycoside (a glycoside which gives rise to cyanide as the metabolism processes it). Ingesting any of these parts in sufficient quantity can cause a toxic build up of cyanide in the body.

Due to the possibility of cyanide poisoning, children should be discouraged from making whistles, slingshots or other toys from elderberry wood. In addition, “herbal teas” made with elderberry leaves (which contain cyanogenic glycosides) should be treated with high caution. However, ripe berries (pulp and skin) are safe to eat.

EcologyThe berries are a very valuable food resource for many birds. In Northern California elderberries are a favorite food for migrating Band-Tailed Pigeons. Flocks can strip an entire bush in less than an hour. Elders are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Brown-tail, Buff Ermine, Dot Moth, Emperor Moth, the Engrailed, Swallow-tailed Moth and the V-pug. The crushed foliage and immature fruit have a strong fetid smell.

Valley elderberry longhorn beetle in California are very often found around red or blue elderberry bushes. Females lay their eggs on the bark. Larvae hatch and burrow into the stems.

Dead elder wood is the preferred habitat of the mushroom Auricularia auricula-judae, also known as “Judas’ ear fungus“.

The pith of elder has been used by watchmakers for cleaning tools before intricate work.

Folklore is extensive and can be wildly conflicting depending on region.

In some areas, the “elder tree” was supposed to ward off evil influence and give protection from witches, while other beliefs say that witches often congregate under the plant, especially when it is full of fruit.

In some regions, superstition, religious belief, or tradition prohibits the cutting of certain trees for bonfires, most notably in witchcraft customs the elderberry tree; “Elder be ye Lady’s tree, burn it not or cursed ye’ll be” – A rhyme from the Wiccan rede.

If an elder tree was cut down, a spirit known as the Elder Mother would be released and take her revenge. The tree could only safely be cut while chanting a rhyme to the Elder Mother.

Related articles

Gooseberry

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

The gooseberry ( /ˈɡuːsbɛri/ or /ˈɡuːzbɛri/ (American) or /ˈɡʊzbəri/ (British);Ribes uva-crispa, syn. R. grossularia) is a species of Ribes, native to Europe, northwestern Africa, west, south and southeast Asia. It is one of several similar species in the subgenus Grossularia; for the other related species (e.g., North American Gooseberry Ribes hirtellum), see the genus page Ribes.

Although usually placed as a subgenus within Ribes, a few taxonomists treat Grossularia as a separate genus, although hybrids between gooseberry and blackcurrant (e.g., the jostaberry) are possible. The subgenus Grossularia differs somewhat from currants, chiefly in their spiny stems, and in that their flowers grow one to three together on short stems, not in racemes.

gooseberriesGooseberry bushes produce an edible fruit and are grown on both a commercial and domestic basis.

The gooseberry is a straggling bush growing to 1–3 metres (3–10 feet) tall, the branches being thickly set with sharp spines, standing out singly or in diverging tufts of two or three from the bases of the short spurs or lateral leaf shoots. The bell-shaped flowers are produced, singly or in pairs, from the groups of rounded, deeply-crenated 3 or 5 lobed leaves. The fruit of wild gooseberries is smaller than in the cultivated varieties, but is often of good flavour; it is generally hairy, but in one variety smooth, constituting the R. uva-crispa of writers; berries’ colour is usually green, but there are red variants and occasionally deep purple berries occur.

The gooseberry is indigenous to many parts of Europe and western, south and southeast Asia, growing naturally in alpine thickets and rocky woods in the lower country, from France eastward, well into the Himalayas and peninsular India.

In Britain, gooseberry bushes are often found in copses and hedgerows and about old ruins, but the gooseberry has been cultivated for so long that it is difficult to distinguish wild bushes from feral ones, or where the gooseberry fits into the native flora of the island. Common as it is now on some of the lower slopes of the Alps of Piedmont and Savoy, it is uncertain whether the Romans were acquainted with the gooseberry, though it may possibly be alluded to in a vague passage of Pliny the Elder‘s Natural History; the hot summers of Italy, in ancient times as at present, would be unfavourable to its cultivation. Although gooseberries are now abundant in Germany and France, it does not appear to have been much grown there in the Middle Ages, though the wild fruit was held in some esteem medicinally for the cooling properties of its acid juice in fevers; while the old English name, Fea-berry, still surviving in some provincial dialects, indicates that it was similarly valued in Britain, where it was planted in gardens at a comparatively early period.

Red gooseberries

Red gooseberries (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Photo by Solmaz Hafezi

William Turner describes the gooseberry in his Herball, written about the middle of the 16th century, and a few years later it is mentioned in one of Thomas Tusser‘s quaint rhymes as an ordinary object of garden culture. Improved varieties were probably first raised by the skilful gardeners of Holland, whose name for the fruit, Kruisbezie, may have been easily corrupted into the present English vernacular word. Towards the end of the 18th century the gooseberry became a favourite object of cottage-horticulture, especially in Lancashire, where the working cotton-spinners have raised numerous varieties from seed, their efforts having been chiefly directed to increasing the size of the fruit.It is the good source of Vitamin C.

Of the many hundred varieties enumerated in recent horticultural works, few perhaps equal in flavour some of the older denizens of the fruit-garden, such as the Old Rough Red and Hairy Amber. The climate of the British Isles seems peculiarly adapted to bring the gooseberry to perfection, and it may be grown successfully even in the most northern parts of Scotland where it is commonly known as a “grozet”; indeed, the flavour of the fruit is said to improve with increasing latitude. In Norway (where it’s named “stikkelsbær” — or “prickly berry”), the bush flourishes in gardens on the west coast nearly up to the Arctic circle, and it is found wild as far north as 63°. The dry summers of the French and German plains are less suited to it, though it is grown in some hilly districts with tolerable success. The gooseberry in the south of England will grow well in cool situations, and may be sometimes seen in gardens near London flourishing under the partial shade of apple trees; but in the north it needs full exposure to the sun to bring the fruit to perfection. It will succeed in almost any soil, but prefers a rich loam or black alluvium, and, though naturally a plant of rather dry places, will do well in moist land, if drained.

It is also widely found in villages throughout the former Czechoslovakia.

The easiest method of propagating gooseberries is by cuttings rather than raising from seed; cuttings planted in the autumn will take root quickly and can begin to bear fruit within a few years.

Vigorous pruning may be necessary; fruit is produced on lateral spurs and the previous year’s shoots, so the 19th-century custom was to trim side branches in the winter, and perhaps trim leading shoots at that time or remove their tips in the summer.

Large berries can be produced by heavy composting, especially if the majority of the fruit is picked off while small to allow room for a few berries to continue to grow. Grafting of gooseberry vines onto ornamental golden currants (Ribes aurum) or other Ribes species can be helpful for this purpose. Some 19th- and early 20th-century cultivators produced single gooseberries near to two ounces in weight, but, as with many varieties of fruit, larger sizes of gooseberry proved to have weaker flavor.

Berry College

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

Overview of Berry

For more than a century, Berry College has emphasized the importance of a comprehensive and balanced education that unites a challenging academic program with opportunities for meaningful work experience, spiritual and moral growth, and significant service to others. This commitment to providing a firsthand educational experience – expressed as “Head, Heart and Hands” by college founder Martha Berry– remains just as relevant today as it was when the institution was founded in 1902.

Berry College logo

Berry College logo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Image via Wikipedia

Nationally recognized for both quality and value, Berry is an independent, coeducational college of approximately 1,850 students that offers exceptional undergraduate degree programs in the sciences, humanities, arts and social sciences, as well as undergraduate and master’s level opportunities in business and teacher education. Students are encouraged to enrich their academic studies through participation in one of the nation’s premier on-campus work experience program, and more than 90 percent take advantage of this unique opportunity to gain valuable real-world experience prior to graduation.

Institutional Mission

Berry College is a comprehensive liberal-arts college with Christian values. The college furthers our students’ intellectual, moral, and spiritual growth; proffers lessons that are gained from worthwhile work done well; and challenges them to devote their learning to community and civic betterment. Berry emphasizes an educational program committed to high academic standards, values based on Christian principles, practical work experience and community service in a distinctive environment of natural beauty. It is Berry’s goal to make an excellent private liberal-arts education accessible to talented students from a wide range of social and economic backgrounds.

Location

Berry College is located next to Rome on U.S. 27 in northwest Georgia, 72 miles northwest of Atlanta and 75 miles south of Chattanooga.

Click Here to View Area Map

Environment

Berry offers an unusually beautiful environment for learning on its 26,000-acre campus, one of the world’s largest. Fields, forests, lakes and mountains provide scenic beauty in a protected natural setting.

History

Berry was founded in 1902 by Martha Berry (1865-1942) as a school for enterprising rural boys when few public schools existed in Georgia. A girls’ school was added in 1909. Berry became one of the nation’s most successful educational experiments, combining academic study, student work and interdenominational Christian religious emphasis. Berry has an excellent record of sound growth. A junior college was established in 1926 and a four-year college in 1930; graduate programs were added in 1972.

New York State Berry Growers’ Association

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
English: ex of high contrast in these inedible...Image via Wikipedia

The New York State Berry Growers Association (NYSBGA) was begun in 1988 and incorporated in 1993 in its present form, a 501 (6) (c) not for profit educational association. The purpose of the Association is “to promote the growing and marketing of berries by the exchange of information and to represent the Berry Growers in the areas of labor, research and technology, to advertise and promote the eating of berries”. This is accomplished by providing information and education to its grower members, and through yearly meetings with faculty and extension staff to discuss berry industry research and educational needs. While not a direct lobbying association, berry industry issues can be represented in public hearings and agency forums. NYSBGA has a board of directors that meets two or three times per year, and has an executive secretary.

Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, and other berries are indeed the fruit for the new millennium. More and more, berries are being recognized for both their nutritional and health value. Demand for berries continues to increase, and they receive favorable reviews in public media. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), in 2010, the value of berry production in NYS was $15,000,000 for the three major berry crops (strawberries, raspberries, blueberries). In the last ten years, blueberry acreage has increased 29%, raspberries 11%, and strawberry acreage has declined slightly. In those same ten years, the combined value of these three crops has risen almost 50%.

Since its inception, the Berry Growers Association has granted $35,000 in research grants, primarily to Cornell researchers and extension staff, to address issues important to NYS growers. Originally, research dollars were collected from members on a voluntary basis. In 2009, the Board of Directors placed an even higher value on research, and changed the dues structure so that $50 of every member’s dues would automatically be put into a research fund.

The NYSBGA was instrumental in Cornell receiving NYFVI grants for Improving Production Efficiency in Berry Crop Production in 2007 and 2009. The Board proposed the idea, reviewed and suggested changes for the proposal, and members have served as advisors, collaborators, and participants. Unfortunately, state funding cuts prevented the 2009 project from getting under way. In 2009, the Association also applied for, and received funding from the Farm Credit Ag Enhancement grants program to develop a new logo to act as a catalyst for a renewed effort on marketing. During the summer, press releases are sent out to alert consumers when the different “berry seasons” have begun. In the 1990′s, the association also received a grant from EPA to develop and implement an IPM certification program with standards and a point system that a third party auditor used to verify that berries were IPM-certified.

For the future, the association would like to develop a way to guarantee that enough funds are raised to at least supply Cornell researchers with a summer technician to assist with berry research, thus ensuring a consistent research program that addresses the needs of NY growers. We are always interested in creative solutions that produce a benefit for both the industry and our partners in research and Extension.

Albany County:

Stanton’s Fuera Farm 210 Onesquethaw Creek Road Feura Bush, NY 12067 518-768-2344 feurafarm@aol.com blueberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Cayuga County:

John R. DeWitt Farm 4207 State Route 41A Moravia, NY 13118 315-497-0142 or (315) 730-6278 jrdewittfarm@msa.com raspberries strawberries vegetables

Chenango County:

Fantasy Fruit Farm 464 Hall Road Afton, NY 13730 607-639-2075 aftnhealth@stny.rr.com www.fantasyfruitfarm.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit

Solmaz Hafezi NY Farm 389 Boggle Town road Afton, NY 13730 hafezisolmaz@yahoo.com

strawberries other fruit blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Cortland County:

Solon Gardens 3673 State Route 41, Solon Rd Cincinnatus, NY 13040 607-836-8972 ph.dayl@juno.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Dutchess County

Secor Strawberries 63 Robinson Lane Wappinger Falls, NY 12590 845-452-6883 dsecor2@optimum.net blueberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Erie County:

Greg’s U-Pick 9270 Lapp Road Clarence Center, NY 14032 716-741-4239 gregsupickfarm@aol.com www.gregsupick.com blueberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Weiss Farms 7828 East Eden Road Eden, NY 14057 716-992-9619 tonyweiss@gmail.com blueberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Peter Gugino Farms, Inc. 10460 Brant-Angola Road Brant, NY 14027 716-549-3608 strawberries

Greene County:

Story Farms 4640 Route 32 Catskill, NY 12414 518-678-9716 strawberries other fruit vegetables

Herkimer County:

Anndel Farms 547 State Route 29 Middleville, NY 13046 315-891-3613 Marine722@verizon.net blueberries currants/gooseberries

Wereszczak’s Blueberries 1080 Steuben Hill Road Herkimer, NY 13350 315-867-5735 walek@mindspring.com blueberries

Jefferson County:

Best by Farr 26809 Beckwith Road Evans Mills, NY 13637 315-629-4801 rvfarr@verizon.net raspberries strawberries

Madison County:

Mosher Farms RD 1, Box 69 Rt.26 & 46 Bouckville, NY 13310 315-893-7173 tmosher@frontiernet.net blueberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Monroe County:

Bauman Farms 1340 Five Mile Line Road Webster, NY 14580 585-671-2820 raspberries strawberries vegetables

Green Acre Fruit Farms West Wind Farms LLC 3480 Latta Road Rochester, NY 14612 585-234-0252 ckmich33@rochester.rr.com http://www.greenacreupick.com/ blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries/blackberries strawberries

Jack Munt Farm 51 Probst Road Pittsford, NY 14534 585-624-9423 dmunt8331@frontiernet.net raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Niagara County:

Coulter Farms 3871 N. Ridge Road Lockport, NY 14094 716-433-5335 coulterfarms@aol.com blueberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Oneida County:

Swistak Farm 6644 Greenway New London Road Verona, NY 13478 315-336-1251 blueberries strawberries vegetables

Onondaga County:

Emmi & Sons Inc. 1482 West Genesee Road Baldwinsville, NY 13027 315-635-3987 emmifarms@aol.com www.emmifarms.com blueberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Hencle’s Berry Patch 7470 Perry Road Baldwinsville, NY 13027 315-635-6942 henclesberrypatch@juno.com currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Reeves Farms 8695 Wheaton Rd Baldwinsville, NY 13027 315-635-3357 brian.reeves56@gmail.com Reevesfarms.com blueberries strawberries vegetables

Tassone Farm Inc. 6230 Route 31 Cicero, NY 13039 315-427-4293 strawberries

Tre-G Farms, LLC 8183 U.S. Rte. 20 Manlius, NY 13104 315-682-9315 tregfarms@hotmail.com raspberries strawberries

Ontario County:

Fresh Ayr Farms 4671 Herendeen Road Shortsville, NY 14548 585-289-4957 pat@freshayrfarm.com www.freshayrfarm.com strawberries vegetables

Sheppards Strawberries 2653 Co. Road 20 Clifton Springs, NY 14432 585-526-6606 jssheppardjr@aol.com strawberries

Orleans County:

Brown’s Berry Patch 14264 Roosevelt Highway Waterport, NY 14571 585-682-5569 info@brownsberrypatch.com www.brownsberrypatch.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Hurd Orchards 17260 Ridge Road Holley, NY 14470 (607) 638-8838 amachame@rochester.rr.com www.hurdorchards.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit

Kemp’s Farms 1590 Powerline Road Holley, NY 14470 (585) 638-6178 rkemp@rochester.rr.com raspberries strawberries

Panek’s Pickin Patch 13420 County House Road Albion, NY 14411 585-589-6155 panek30@aol.com blueberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Oswego County:

Behling Orchards LLC 364 Hurlbut Road Mexico, NY 13114 315-963-7068 ebehling61@hotmail.com blueberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Ferlito’s Berry Patch. 1269 Co. Rte. 53 Oswego, NY 13126 315-343-7159 aferlito@twcny.rr.com blueberries raspberries strawberries

Stan’s Berry Patch 208 Co. Rt. 84 West Monroe, NY 13167 (315) 668-7159 ineich2@aol.com www.stansberrypatch.com blueberries

Otsego County:

Ingall’s Blueberries 4663 State Highway 28 Cooperstown, NY 13326 607-547-2128 davideingalls@msn.com blueberries

Richard Hernandez 1755 County Highway 14 Mt Vision, NY 13810 607-293-6008 phernadez2777@gmail.com blueberries

Rensselaer County:

The Berry Patch 15370 NY 22 Stephentown, NY 12168 518-733-6772 rberriesrgreat@fairpoint.net blueberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Saratoga County:

Clark Dahlia Gardens & Greenhouses 139 Hop City Road Ballston Spa, NY 12020 518-885-7356 jammaker@nycap.rr.com blueberries raspberries other fruit vegetables

Seneca County:

Cassim Farms 3581 Yost Road Waterloo, NY 13165 315-539-2951 jcassim@flare.net raspberries strawberries

Luce Farm 7381 Hall Road Ovid, NY 14521 607-532-9475 blueberries

Shuster’s Strawberries 1883 Rt. 89 Seneca Falls, NY 13148 315-521-7321 strawberries

Steuben County:

Rathbun’s U-Pick Strawberries 28 University Ave North Cohocton, NY 14808 585-534-5163 pprathbun@aol.com strawberries

Suffolk County:

Wickham’s Fruit Farm P.O. Box 928 Cutchogue, NY 11935 631-734-5254 wickhamthomas@yahoo.com www.wickhamsfruitfarms.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Tioga County:

Our Green Acres 3965 Waverly Road Owego, NY 13827 607-687-2874 frankwiles@aol.com www.ourgreenacres.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

TLC Blueberry Farm 2053 Rte. 17C Barton, NY 13734 607-222-2697 blueapple@htva.net blueberries

Washington County:

Hand Melon Farm 533 Wilber Ave Greenwich, NY 12834 518-692-2376 blueberries raspberries strawberries vegetables

Wayne County:

Burnap Fruit Farm LLC 7277 Maple Ave Sodus, NY 14551 (315) 483-4050 www.burnapsfarm.com raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

G and S Orchards 4572 Lincoln Road Walworth, NY 14502 315-524 3823 gcraft@rochester.rr.com www.gandsorchards.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Wyoming County

Mehlenbacher Strawberries 6513 Lamont Road Castile, NY 14427 585-493-2773 tmehlenb@rochester.rr.com strawberries

Yates County:

Jim Bedient 3955 Stever Road Branchport, NY 14418 315-595-6674 jimbedient@yahoo.com blueberries

Tomion’s Farm Market 3024 Ferguson Corners Road Penn Yan, NY 14527 585-526-5852 atomion@frontiernet.net raspberries strawberries other fruit vegetables

Our Sponsors: (Thank you!)

Krohne Plant Farms Inc. 65295 County Route 342 Hartford, MI 49057 269-424-54236 info@krohneplantfarms.com http://www.krohneplantfarms.com strawberries

Nourse Farms 41 River Road South Deerfield, MA 01373 413-665-2658 nnourse@noursefarms.com www.noursefarms.com blueberries currants/gooseberries raspberries/blackberries strawberries

Affiliate Members:

Dr. Courtney Weber Cornell University Department of Horticulture NYSAES-Geneva 630 West North Street Geneva, NY 14456 315-787-2395 caw34@cornell.edu

Knott’s Berry Farm

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm

walking, which is prohibited during the trip. During winds 25 mph+ or rain it is closed. When built, Sky Tower was the tallest structure in Orange County (a distinction now held by nearby WindSeeker.) The illuminated “K” in logo script atop the Sky Tower was designated a landmark which prevented Knott’s plan of converting the foundation to support WindSeeker.

English: Walter Knott (in front) and ride desi...Image via Wikipedia

Corkscrew debuted in 1975 as the first modern-day roller coaster to perform a 360-degree inverting element, twice! It was designed by Arrow Dynamics of Utah.

Motorcycle Chase – A modernized steepelchase rollercoaster built in 1976 featured single motorbike themed vehicles racing side-by-side, each on one of four parallel tracks, launched together. One or two riders straddled each “Indian motorcycle” attraction vehicle. The tubular steel monorail track closely followed dips and bumps in “the road” and tilted to lean riders about the curves. Gasoline Alley, an electric steel-guiderail car ride below, was built together and intimately intertwined, which enhanced ride-to-ride interaction thrill value. Rider safety concerns of the high center of gravity coupled with the method of rider restraints caused it to be re-themed Wacky Soap Box Racers with vehicles now attached in four car trains, each car seated two riders, strapped in low (nearly straddling the track), surrounded by the close fitting car sides, and the dips and bumps of the track were straightened flat in 1980. Motorcycle Chase/Wacky Soap Box Racers was removed 1996 for a dueling loop coaster Windjammer Surf Racers and now a vertical, launch coaster takes its place Xcelerator.

December 3, 1981 Walter Knott died, survived by his children who would continue to operate Knott’s as a family business for another fourteen years.

In the 1980s, Knott’s built the Barn Dance featured Bobbi & Clyde as the house band. It was during the height of the “Urban Cowboy” era. The “Barn Dance” was featured in Knott’s TV Commercials.

During the 1980s, Knott’s met the competition in Southern California theme parks by themeing a new land, and building two massive attractions:

View of Silver Bullet from the Sky Cabin.Image via Wikipedia

Kingdom of the Dinosaurs (1987) (primeval re-theme of Knott’s Bear-y Tales) Bigfoot Rapids (1988), a whitewater river rafting ride as the centerpiece of the new themed area Wild Water Wilderness.

The Boomerang roller coaster replaced the Corkscrew in 1990 with a lift shuttle train passing to and fro through a cobra roll and a vertical loop, for six inversions each trip.

Mystery Lodge (1994) Inspired by General Motors “Spirit Lodge” pavilion, a live show augmented with Peppers Ghost and other special effects, which was among the most popular exhibits at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada which was produced by Bob Rogers and created with the assistance of the Kwagulth Native reserve in Alert Bay, British Columbia. Mystery Lodge recreates a quiet summer night in the village of Alert Bay, British Columbia then guests “move inside” the longhouse and listen to the storyteller weave a tale of the importance of family from the smoke of the bonfire.

Phyllanthus Emblica

Published April 5, 2012 by myberriesfarm
Nelli (Tamil: நெல்லி)

Nelli (Tamil: நெல்லி) (Photo credit: dinesh_valke)

Photo by Solmaz Hafezi

Phyllanthus emblica (syn. Emblica officinalis), the Indian gooseberry, or aamla, is a deciduous tree of the Phyllanthaceae family. It is known for its edible fruit of the same name.

The tree is small to medium in size, reaching 8 to 18 m in height, with a crooked trunk and spreading branches. The branchlets are glabrous or finely pubescent, 10–20 cm long, usually deciduous; the leaves are simple, subsessile and closely set along branchlets, light green, resembling pinnate leaves. The flowers are greenish-yellow. The fruit are nearly spherical, light greenish yellow, quite smooth and hard on appearance, with six vertical stripes or furrows.

Ripening in autumn, the berries are harvested by hand after climbing to upper branches bearing the fruits. The taste of Indian gooseberry is sour, bitter and astringent, and it is quite fibrous. In India, it is common to eat gooseberries steeped in salt water and turmeric to make the sour fruits palatable. It is also used to straighten hair.

Indian gooseberry has undergone preliminary research, demonstrating in vitro antiviral and antimicrobial properties. There is preliminary evidence in vitro that its extracts induce apoptosis and modify gene expression in osteoclasts involved in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. It may prove to have potential activity against some cancers. One recent animal study found treatment with E. officinalis reduced severity of acute pancreatitis (induced by L-arginine in rats). It also promoted the spontaneous repair and regeneration process of the pancreas occurring after an acute attack.

Experimental preparations of leaves, bark or fruit have shown potential efficacy against laboratory models of disease, such as for inflammation, cancer, age-related renal disease, and diabetes.

A human pilot study demonstrated a reduction of blood cholesterol levels in both normal and hypercholesterolemic men with treatment. Another recent study with alloxan-induced diabetic rats given an aqueous amla fruit extract has shown significant decrease of the blood glucose, as well as triglyceridemic levels and an improvement of the liver function caused by a normalization of the liver-specific enzyme alanine transaminase activity.

Although these fruits are reputed to contain high amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), 445 mg/100g, the specific contents are disputed, and the overall antioxidant strength of amla may derive instead from its high density of tannins. The fruit also contains other polyphenols: flavonoids, kaempferol, ellagic acid and gallic acid.

Indian gooseberry Phyllanthus emblica at Jayan...

Indian gooseberry Phyllanthus emblica at Jayanti in Buxa Tiger Reserve in Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal, India. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Image via Wikipedia

In traditional Indian medicine, dried and fresh fruits of the plant are used. All parts of the plant are used in various Ayurvedic/Unani medicine (Jawarish amla) herbal preparations, including the fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers. According to Ayurveda, aamla fruit is sour (amla) and astringent (kashaya) in taste (rasa), with sweet (madhura), bitter (tikta) and pungent (katu) secondary tastes (anurasas). Its qualities (gunas) are light (laghu) and dry (ruksha), the postdigestive effect (vipaka) is sweet (madhura), and its energy (virya) is cooling (shita).

According to Ayurveda, aamla balances all three doshas. While aamla is unusual in that it contains five out of the six tastes recognized by Ayurved, it is most important to recognize the effects of the “virya”, or potency, and “vipaka”, or post-digestive effect. Considered in this light, aamla is particularly helpful in reducing pitta due to its cooling energy and balances both Pitta and vata by virtue of its sweet taste. The kapha is balanced primarily due to its drying action. It may be used as a rasayana (rejuvenative) to promote longevity, and traditionally to enhance digestion (dipanapachana), treat constipation (anuloma), reduce fever (jvaraghna), purify the blood (raktaprasadana), reduce cough (kasahara), alleviate asthma (svasahara), strengthen the heart (hrdaya), benefit the eyes (chakshushya), stimulate hair growth (romasanjana), enliven the body (jivaniya), and enhance intellect (medhya).

In Ayurvedic polyherbal formulations, Indian gooseberry is a common constituent, and most notably is the primary ingredient in an ancient herbal rasayana called Chyawanprash. This formula, which contains 43 herbal ingredients as well as clarified butter, sesame oil, sugar cane juice, and honey, was first mentioned in the Charaka Samhita as a premier rejuvenative compound.

A jar of South Indian Andhra amla pickleIn Chinese traditional therapy, this fruit is called yuganzi (余甘子), which is used to cure throat inflammation.

Indian gooseberrys in central Tamilnadu i.e. s...

Indian gooseberrys in central Tamilnadu i.e. salem ditrict green hills(பச்சைமலைத் தொடர்) தமிழ்: இடம்:இந்தியா,தமிழகம்,சேலம் மாவட்டம். பச்சைமலைத் தொடரில் மலையேறும் போது, சேகரித்த நெல்லிகள். அரிநெல்லிகளைப் போல வடிவம்.ஆனால் பெருநெல்லிகளைப் போன்ற அளவு. இக்காட்டின நெல்லிமரம், தற்போது விவசாயிகள் பயிரிடும் கலப்பின பெருநெல்லினத்திற்கு தாய்மரமாக இருக்கலாம். இதன் ருசி, 5 சுவைகளையும் தருகிறது. ஆனால், கலப்பின நெல்லிகளிலே ருசியில்லை. நீர்ப்புத்தன்மையே காணப்படுகிறது. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Photo by Solmaz Hafezi

Emblica officinalis tea may ameliorate diabetic neuropathy. In rats it significantly reduced blood glucose, food intake, water intake and urine output in diabetic rats compared with the non‐ diabetic control group.

Particularly in South India, the fruit is pickled with salt, oil, and spices. Aamla is eaten raw or cooked into various dishes. In Andhra Pradesh, tender varieties are used to prepare dal (a lentil preparation), and amle ka murabbah, a sweet dish indigenous to the northern part of India (wherein the berries are soaked in sugar syrup for a long time till they are imparted the sweet flavor); it is traditionally consumed after meals